The Rohingya Crisis in 90 Seconds

The humanitarian crisis caused by escalating violence in Myanmar’s Rakhine State is causing suffering on a catastrophic scale. As of 27 September, over 500,000 Rohingya refugees had fled across the border from Myanmar to Bangladesh since 25 August. Thousands more reportedly remain stranded and in peril in Myanmar without the means to cross the border into Bangladesh.
The United Nations and our partners are working closely with the Government of Bangladesh to scale up and coordinate the humanitarian response so as to ensure that refugees are protected in line with international standards, and to provide desperately needed support including food, shelter, health care and water.

Produced by OCHA

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Comment (77)

  1. Why do u need to explain what's happening there?? u need to take a big step against Myanmar!!UN is doing not even a single bit of ** on this matter! Just sitting & enjoying with the popcorns in their hands.. 😒😣

  2. 200+ high school and colleges students from the Inland Empire of southern California took part in a practice session aimed at preparing reports to the world on possible solutions to long standing global refugee problems. Funding assistance needed to implement projects.

  3. Myanmar's Ghost
    Share my dreams… as I sleep,
    Share dreams….. buried deep in a childs fragile frame
    My name is Ayesha…
    Share Fire flies in starry skies as they crystalize the calm around me
    View visions of a place Called peace that profoundly place a heart within me.
    Rest soundly, share my dreams.

    Come into my village, to this hut clad in straw, through it's door…
    Share my home….Share brown rats knawing bamboo flooring,
    Clawing in crevices for lone grains of rice, twice…
    Mistaking the tips of my toes for disposed seeds,
    My warm flesh supplying insatiable needs,
    Look close, see me bleed, stay here, share my poverty.

    Share chilled droplet dew, eloping from palm rooves… a pre-cursor to the monsoon.
    Like Blood spots from Rangoon this moisture hangs waiting to swiftly awaken me.
    Lay damp down Beside me… lie here….share my chill.

    Share surprise as my eyes try to reach for the light, try to bleach out the night, but… remain Tightly shut as I strain to prise lashes matted closed with the ashes of sandlewood Fires …that kept me warm in the twilight, then lost that fight by dawn's plight, stay blind… Share my darkness.

    Feel the sun try to warm me, feel its beams rudely storm me, and though
    They can't warn Me, too soon they shall mourn me…
    Stay here, share that morning.

    Share the bark of my dog, smell the fear in his eyes as he strains at the vine chain,
    Hear him Whimper then die as steel finds his neck, slices through fur,
    Come friend….. hear the Darkness return to the cur.
    Share the crack of a twig as large boots snap branchlets and rifles are
    Shouldered to tare up my hamlet with voluntary violence and flames that engulf, stay still share my horror, hold your Breath, share my truth.
    Share the rage at my side, as the first fist impacts me, know the bruise as it swells, Like the Shadows around me, watch them pile into Kadir, at two he's the youngest, the lightest, The babe, the infant, the sweetest. share disgust as his skin swiftly sucks in the blade, share Blood gushing from him, be shocked, be affraid, as he flies like a football on the end of a Kick, then lies limp like a hooked fish being beaten by sticks,
    Don't you dare look away now, stay Here,share my guilt.
    Share the laughter of strangers as they turn on my sister, share her spluttering cries as they line up to kiss her, as they rip at her torso, like wolves in a pack, don't you dare turn away now, feel This brutal attack. share the facts as they happen, in colour 3d, not through your Tv, your smart phone, your pc.

    Stay here, suffer with me, look on share my rage.
    Share screams as my hair is being torn from my skull, share the drain on my courage as it Seeps from my soul, share urine now running down a teenagers legs, Mouth pleas as I Blubber, I cower, I beg, Share howells from my mother being dragged through the dirt, taste the salt in her teardrops, wallow helpless in her hurt as her daughter is raped like a ragdoll before her and is left here to die, share real fear as it stuns her.
    Share My eyes as they falter with a short final breath, stating "I am Rohingja", be here …share my death.
    Share in my wish, that ethnic cleansing won't last, let it surf from this tide of distopian iconoclasts, who crave for ideals that their lands should be pure, share this mortal's dismay as destruction endures.
    Share the prize of a lady, share her gold centrepiece, she won it for freedom, she won it for peace, But now she says nothing as my race is erased, share my people uprooted,denied and Displaced. Share in the silence of Aung San Suu Kyi, share in the violence her hypocracy Brought me, I am Rohingja and Myanmar haunts me.
    Stay here as I die, share this hell as it taunts me.

    Share my dreams, as I sleep,
    Share dreams buried deep in this childs perished frame, my name…….. was Ayesha, I was your host, I am Rohingja, Myanmar's ghost.

    Copyright JohnPoet 2017

  4. Funny how you can make a video explaining it all but can’t even be bothered to take a stand and order justice when your policy literally strives for peace.

  5. Areas such as this along with many others should be eliminated. These areas are a cancer to humanity since they have done nothing but breed and then ask for aid. Either a devine wipeout or a manmade event must occur to stop these prolific breeders . With close to TEN billion people on this planet it is a must that highly populated areas with no food or basic ethics be sent to extinction. Asia Africa and centeral America are and should be starting points for depopulation methods . The sooner the better……

  6. Of course the Rohingya (Origin: Bangladesh) can only cross into southern Bangladesh, which is unfortunate because Cox's Bazar is a tourist area. Therefore, instead of pushing them back into Myanmar (Which both the Rohingya and Myanmar do not want) Why, why, why, aren't they transported to northern Bangladesh where there is ample space??

  7. an 18-year-old so-called (Rohingya) muslim boy has already fathered FIVE children already, this is about Poverty and irresponsibility of Bangladesh government in controlling its citizens from illegally entering neighboring countries and creating communal problems.

  8. Thank you so lot god bles you all amin ya ALLAH and ples vi want myanmar army goverment and Rahkine terrorist to the icc kireminal courd and vi want full setizenthip in myanmar and vi want full human rights in myanmar and ples hlep rohingya life in the wold and myanmar army goverment is the layer of the wold and ples vi want justis and thank you so lot god bles you all

  9. world should be ashamed of putting such huge burden on Bangladesh alone . being a Pakistani I demand that itz not only duty of Bangladesh to take care of refugees . UN have immediately solved the problem of south sudan n east timor then y not kashmir Palestine n rohangia ????

  10. They are violent and are against non Muslims middle East or Pakistan is best place for them they should not be allowed in India in 2014 some of rohingias came to India and and killed Hindu…

  11. Surprise surprise British/ European colonizers are too blame for this disgrace to humanity along with the vile Myanmar government. The fault lies with the British as they took the rohingyas to Arakan 100s of years ago for cheap labour and to work the land. They then botched up the border when retreating after WW2, leaving the rohingyas within a hostile fragmented Myanmar where they were constantly persecuted by the scumbag Myanmar army thereon. Also to those stating these people should go back to Bangladesh by that logic then the one million plus Burmese/ Myanmar origin people in Bangladesh should go back to Myanmar. Oh wait the Burmese/ Myanmar origin people in Bangladesh are actually recognised as citizens in Bangladesh, allowed to go to school, vote etc despite being against Bangladesh in its independance war in 1971. Just miles across the border on the other hand Myanmar is comitting genocide against the rohingya men, women and little children despite their connection to the Arakan region for hundreds of years. Absolutely appalling.

  12. The Rohingya people are a stateless Indo-Aryan-speaking people who reside in Rakhine State, Myanmar. In 1989, the junta officially changed the name of Burma to Myanmar. In the 1990s, the junta changed the name of the province of Arakan to Rakhine State, which showed a bias towards the Rakhine community, even though the Rohingya formed a substantial part of the population. The name of the region was historically known as Arakan for centuries. The Rohingya population is concentrated in the historical region of Arakan, an old coastal country of Southeast Asia. It is not clear who the original settlers of Arakan were. Burmese nationalist claims that the Rakhine inhabited Arakan since 3000 BCE are not supported by any archaeological evidence. By the 4th century, Arakan became one of the earliest Indianized kingdoms in Southeast Asia. The first Arakanese state flourished in Dhanyawadi. Power then shifted to the city of Waithali. Sanskrit inscriptions in the region indicate that the founders of the first Arakanese states were Indian. Arakan was ruled by the Chandra dynasty. Following the Konbaung Dynasty's conquest of Arakan in 1785, as many as 35,000 people of the Rakhine State fled to the neighbouring Chittagong region of British Bengal in 1799 to escape persecution by the Bamar & to seek protection under the British Raj. The Bamar executed thousands of men & deported a considerable portion of people from Rakhine population to central Burma, leaving Arakan a scarcely populated area by the time the British occupied it. According to an article on the "Burma Empire" published by the British Francis Buchanan-Hamilton in 1799, "the Mohammedans, who have long settled in Arakan", "call themselves Rooinga, or natives of Arakan". However, according to Derek Tokin, Hamilton no longer used the term to refer to the Muslims in Arakan in his later publications. The numbers & the extent of post-independence immigration from Bangladesh are subject to controversy & debate. In a 1955 study published by Stanford University, the authors Virginia Thompson & Richard Adloff write, "The post-war (World War II) illegal immigration of Chittagonians into that area was on a vast scale, & in the Maungdaw & Buthidaung areas they replaced the Arakanese." The authors further argue that the term Rohingya, in the form of Rwangya, first appeared to distinguish settled population from newcomers: "The newcomers were called Mujahids (crusaders), in contrast to the Rwangya or settled Chittagonian population." According to the International Crisis Group (ICG), these immigrants were actually the Rohingyas who were displaced by World War II & began to return to Arakan after the independence of Burma but were rendered as illegal immigrants, while many were not allowed to return. ICG adds that there were "some 17,000" refugees from the Bangladesh liberation war who "subsequently returned home". A separate administrative zone for the Rohingya-majority northern areas of Arakan existed between 1961 & 1964. Known as the Mayu Frontier District, the zone was set up by Prime Minister U Nu after the 1960 Burmese general election, on the advice of his health minister Sultan Mahmud. The zone was administered directly from Rangoon by the national government. After the Burmese military coup in 1962, the zone was administered by the Burmese army. It was transferred to the Ministry of Home Affairs in 1964 by the Union Revolutionary Council. The socialist military government inducted the zone into Arakan State in 1974. Racism towards people with links to the Indian subcontinent increased after the 1962 Burmese coup. The socialist military government nationalized all property, including many enterprises of the white collar Burmese Indian community. Between 1962 & 1964, 320,000 Burmese Indians were forced to leave the country. As a result of Operation King Dragon by the Burmese junta, the first wave of Rohingya refugees entered Bangladesh in 1978. An estimated 200,000 Rohingyas took shelter in Cox's Bazaar. Diplomatic initiatives over 16 months resulted in a repatriation agreement, which allowed the return of most refugees under a process facilitated by UNHCR. The return of refugees to Burma has been the second largest repatriation process in Asia after the return of Cambodian refugees from Thailand. In 1982, the citizenship law enacted by the Burmese military junta did not list the Rohingya as one of the 135 “national races” of Burma. This made much of the Rohingya population in Burma stateless in their historical homeland of Arakan. After Burmese military junta began persecuting the political opposition following Aung San Suu Kyi's victory in the 1990 election & the earlier 1988 Uprising,or 8-8-88 Uprising, military operations targeting Muslims (who strongly favored the pro-democracy movement) began in Arakan State. The Rohingya-led NDPHR political party was banned & its leaders were jailed. Suu Kyi herself was placed under house arrest by the junta led by General Than Shwe. As the Burmese military increased its operations across the country, the Maungdaw, Buthidaung & Rathedaung townships in northern Arakan became centers of persecution. The 23rd & 24th regiments of the Tatmadaw (Myanmar Army) were responsible for promoting forced labour, rape, the confiscation of houses, land & farm animals, the destruction of mosques, a ban on religious activities & the harassment of the religious priests. An estimated 250,000 refugees crossed over into Bangladesh. Both Bangladesh & Burma mobilized thousands of troops along the border during the crisis. The government of Bangladesh emphasized a peaceful resolution of the crisis. After diplomatic negotiations, a repatriation agreement was put in place to allow the return of refugees to Burma under a UNHCR-supervised process. The Rohingya have faced military crackdowns in 1978, 1991–1992, 2012, 2015 & 2016–2017. On 22 October 2017, the UN reported that an estimated 603,000 refugees from Rakhine, Myanmar, had crossed the border into Bangladesh since August 25, 2017. This number increased to 624,000 by November 2, 2017 & over 625,000 by December 6, 2017. The majority are Muslim while a minority are Hindu. According to Human Rights Watch, under the 1982 Myanmar nationality law "effectively deny to the Rohingya the possibility of acquiring a nationality". Despite being able to trace Rohingya history to the 8th century, Myanmar law does not recognize the ethnic minority as one of the eight "national indigenous races". They are also restricted from freedom of movement, state education & civil service jobs.

    The Rohingya community was recognized as an indigenous ethnic nationality of Burma, with members of the group serving as representatives in the Burmese parliament, as well as ministers, parliamentary secretaries & other high-ranking government positions. But since Burma's military junta took control of the country in 1962, the Rohingya have been systematically deprived of their political rights.

  13. It is disgusting to see the professional online trolls of the Myanmar military making excuses, spreading lies and conspiracy theories in order to enable the continuting murder, rape and genocide of an innocent and defenceless people.

  14. If Myanmar will not accept these Rohingyas then let USA, UK and Australia welcome them with open arms. The have wide stretch of lands where they can be relocated. The truth is they are just a bunch of lip service. LOL.

  15. So it's basically like this:

    Burma: We don't want you in our land, you British mules. Leave now!

    Rohinghas: Alright, can we join Bangladesh, then?

    Burma: Of course! But you're leaving the land behind. You're free to go.

    Rohinghas: What do you mean, leaving the land behind? It's OUR land.

    Burma: These are the rules.

    Rohinghas: Then, we're staying with our land. We'll apply for citizenship.

    Burma: You can't do that either. We don't recognise you as citizens of the realm.

    Rohinghas: Well, FU(K YOU!

    Burma: How dare you!!! (Actually we were waiting for this, let's end them)

    Lots of bloodshed and agony

  16. Rohingyas live in Myanmar from 8th century.Myanmar should take them back.Any matter before 1971 not related to Bangladesh. So you cant call them 'Bangladeshi'.

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