🇮🇩 Indonesia – First Right of Reply, United Nations General Debate, 76th Session | #UNGA

1st Right of Reply by Indonesia at general debate of the 76th Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations (New York, 21 – 27 September 2021).

The UN General Assembly (UNGA) is the main policy-making organ of the Organization. Comprising all Member States, it provides a unique forum for multilateral discussion of the full spectrum of international issues covered by the Charter of the United Nations. Each of the 193 Member States of the United Nations has an equal vote.

The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945. Currently made up of 193 Member States, the UN and its work are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter.

The UN has evolved over the years to keep pace with a rapidly changing world.

But one thing has stayed the same: it remains the one place on Earth where all the world’s nations can gather together, discuss common problems, and find shared solutions that benefit all of humanity.

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Comment (589)

  1. let the people of kashmir decide their life. when modi take control of your houses and kills the younsters and harass your families and put all the other restrictions on you people then you will realise the real pain.

  2. UN MISSION TO WEST PAPUA IS URGENTLY NEEDED.

    What happens in West Papua?
    1. Human rights Violences since Act of Free Choice.
    2. Slow motion Genocide targeting those who are supporting Free West Papua.
    3. Arbitrary Detention against Peaceful demonstration and massive protests.
    4. Massive waves of Transmigration to West Papua.
    5. Marginalisation. West Papua people gradually get marginalized on their own land.
    6. Racism and Discrimination against Black West Papua people by Indonesians.
    7. No Democracy in West Papua.
    8. Freedom for Speech, opinion and expression are strictly banned.
    9. Human rights defender and activists are being arrested and imprisoned recklessly by Indonesia police officer.
    10. West Papua people are significantly becoming minority on their own land.
    11. Illegal Mining Companies have been continuously stealing our natural resources such as Freeport Indonesia, LNG and Petrogras.
    12. Illegal Logging. Humongous forest in West Papua are being exported by Indonesia.
    13. Palm Oil Plantation.
    14. Illegal Hunting and Fishing by Non-Papua people in West Papua.
    15. Special Autonomy law is forcibly implemented even though West Papua people already refused such "Killer machine".
    16. West Papua island is now taken control by Migrants, not West Papua.
    17. West Papua National Liberation Army (OPM/TPNPB) is protector of West Papua people, the security for its natural resources, freedom fighter and the last Guardians for West Papua. They are not Terorist.
    18. Current study shows that more than 50.000 innocent civilians of West Papua have been tortured and assassinated by Indonesia army forces.
    19. For four recent years, 2017-2021 inclusive, more than 30.000 Indigenous Papuans had fled their homes and villages due to Indonesia Military clandestine operation in West Papua. People from 10 districts are still inside the refugee's camps.
    20. At the moment, more than 20.000 Indonesia heavily armed troops are deployed across the island of West Papua.

    Root causes:
    1. Act of Free Choice was illegal and against International law.
    2. West Papua has already been independent since its proclamation in 1 December.
    3. West Papua has its own Ideology.
    4. West Papua is Malanesia, not Indonesia.
    5. Democratic solution for West Papua is Referendum.
    6. 100% of West Papua want to be free from the Colonial Indonesia.

    Free West Papua.

  3. Kabanyak Yang Komen Berwatak Penjajah…. Apa yang di Bilang Vanuatu itu Benar Harus di Akui… Bangsa yang Ingin Maju Harus Mengakui Kesalahannya dan Berubah Menjadi Baik.. Bukan Terus Berbohong diatas Bohong.. Negara ini Kapan Majunya… ?? Kehadiran Aparat TNI POLRI di Papua adalah Bukan Untuk Menjaga Keutuhan NKRI krn NKRI Lagi tdk Berperang dgn Negara Luar… TNI-POLRI Berada diatas Tanah Papua demi Menjaga Kepentingan Petinggi Negara Ini… Menjaga Perusahaan2 Milik Pejabat2 di Negara ini dan Menjaga Kepentingan Kapitalis Asing.. Jdi Yang Koar2 Bilang Jaga NKRI tu Priksa lagi Otakmu dulu… Sekolah Yang Benar,,, Beragama Yang Benar…. Tdk ada KKB di Papua Yang ada itu Tuan Tanah Menjaga Hak2nya dari Para Perampok dan Pencuri serta Penjajah Kolonialisme Indonesia.

  4. In West Papua, we only have the West Papuan National Liberation Army or TPNPB OPM who is fighting against colonial Indonesian security forces to defend the territory of West Papua.
    Vanuatu is not promoting separatism. Vanuatu is promoting the right of the Papuans to self determination in accordance with international law. This right was breached and now we have all these problems. Unless a proper exercise of that fundamental rights is conducted by the UN in accordance with international law there will always be problems and Vanuatu will always raise these complaint. Right to self determination is a fundamental human right and it’s in the preamble of the United Nation charter. It is one of the foundations on which the United Nation is build on and all Member states including Indonesia must take it seriously. History shows that Indonesia has abused this fundamental principle of the United Nation in the case of Timor Leste when they invaded in December 1975. What the world needs to know and be reminded is that 13 years earlier in 1962 they did the same to West Papua and never allowed Papuans to exercise their right to self determination which requires one person one vote under international law then and now. Vanuatu is right to push United Nation to correct this gross injustice and denial of human rights of the Papuan people. Until then we will never be quite.

    Java has nothing to offer our people of West Papua. They have no gold, no copper, no oil, no gas, no timber, no fish, no sweet potatoes , no pigs, no clean water, no clean air, no land nothing to offer West Papuans. We don’t need Javanese for anything. They should go back home to Java. We are generous people and we will think of them and help them when we are independent.

  5. Press Statement : 19th September 2021

    Indonesian media failed to inform Indonesian citizens regarding escalation of armed conflict in West Papua.

    Since Indonesia invaded and annexed the territory of West Papua in 1963, its media has been focusing on spreading lies and propaganda and forgot to warn its citizens about the escalation of armed conflict in West Papua which is becoming more dangerous.

    Indonesian media failed to inform its citizens of the dangers its citizens will likely to encounter in the conflict zones in West Papua.

    Indonesian military hierarchy played down the risk and didn't inform its citizens the warnings and repeated calls from TPNPB-OPM hierarchy for Indonesian citizens to leave conflict zones.

    One would say that Indonesian media and officials in West Papua are covering up their failed operations in West Papua when the casualties on their sides have gone up. Body bags containing dead Indonesian soldiers and police were secretly exited out of West Papua without the knowledge of the Indonesian public. In other words, they created a scenario where West Papua is fine when in fact since 2018 , the armed conflict in West Papua have escalated .

    The TPNPB-OPM hierarchy through its spokesman, Mr Sebby Sambom have warned Indonesian citizens living in the conflict zones to leave immediately but those warnings have fallen on deaf ears. The recent situation in Kiriwok, Star Mountain Regency ( Pegunungan Bintang) is a clear example of how Indonesian civilians who defied these warnings and continues to remain in those Red Zones and were caught up in the middle of the heavy gun battle.

    The Indonesian security officials in West Papua should be held responsible for withholding this valuable security information and using its own citizens as human shields for shooting so that they can use that as an excuse to ask for more reinforcement of troops to West Papua.

    Lewis Prai Wellip

    OPM TPNPB Diplomat

    ~~~,End ~~~

  6. 19th September, 2021.

    The Spokesman of TPNPB OPM have made repeated calls for Non-Papuans living the conflict zones in West Papua to vacate to area.

    Several warnings have been made by Spokesman of TPNPB OPM Mr Sebby Sambom for Non-Papuans living and working in the conflict zones to leave the areas. However many chose to ignore these warnings and continue to remain in those conflict zones.

    Sebby has clearly indicated in many of his videos that those who refuse to leave the area will be putting their own lives at risk. So if you're still remaining in the area then you're supporting the Indonesian security forces and TPNPB-OPM will not hesitate to shoot you. So we cannot blame TPNPB-OPM Liberation fighters because Mr Sambom has made repeated calls for Non-Papuans to vacate the area. I'm sorry but they took risk themselves..

    Those who refused to adhere to warning calls from TPNPB-OPM Spokesperson have hidden motives and agendas and stayed back and did not leave the area. We can't blame TPNPB-OPM Liberation fighters.

    They underestimated the capabilities of TPNPB-OPM Liberation fighters so they shouldn't blame others but themselves.

    They have enough time to vacate the area but they chose to ignore these warnings and remained there.

    ~~~~End~~~

    Lewis Prai Wellip

    OPM TPNPB Diplomat

  7. Reality : Separatis group attacking health worker, public worker, teacher, some case rape!
    What are you thinking Vanuatu you are insane support this kind terorism

  8. The Act of free Choice, 1969, was a violation of the right of self-determination held by the West Papuan peoples under international law and does not justify Indonesian sovereignty over West Papua. Indonesia’s presence in West Papua is illegal and that this illegality is the basis for continuing conflict in West Papua. There should be a proper act of self-determination in accordance with international law, to settle finally the international status of West Papua.

    Indonesia’s presence in West Papua is that of a colonial administration which can be made permanent only if the peoples of West Papua vote for integration through a self-determination exercise held in accordance with the procedural requirements of international law. The only self-determination exercise has been the invalid act of free choice held in 1969 which does not authorise Indonesia’s presence in West Papua and cannot legally convert Indonesia’s administrative responsibility to sovereignty.

    Indonesia’s acquisition of West Papua in 1969 remains an illegal annexation which cannot be validated by the international community since it was a violation of the sacred trust under the UN Charter. Since the acquisition cannot be validated, West Papua is not legally a part of Indonesia’s territory but a non-self-governing territory under occupation. Independence for West Papua would be the restoration of Papuan sovereignty and not a violation of Indonesia’s territorial integrity.

  9. The Act of free Choice, 1969, was a violation of the right of self-determination held by the West Papuan peoples under international law and does not justify Indonesian sovereignty over West Papua. Indonesia’s presence in West Papua is illegal and that this illegality is the basis for continuing conflict in West Papua. There should be a proper act of self-determination in accordance with international law, to settle finally the international status of West Papua.

    Indonesia’s presence in West Papua is that of a colonial administration which can be made permanent only if the peoples of West Papua vote for integration through a self-determination exercise held in accordance with the procedural requirements of international law. The only self-determination exercise has been the invalid act of free choice held in 1969 which does not authorise Indonesia’s presence in West Papua and cannot legally convert Indonesia’s administrative responsibility to sovereignty.

    Indonesia’s acquisition of West Papua in 1969 remains an illegal annexation which cannot be validated by the international community since it was a violation of the sacred trust under the UN Charter. Since the acquisition cannot be validated, West Papua is not legally a part of Indonesia’s territory but a non-self-governing territory under occupation. Independence for West Papua would be the restoration of Papuan sovereignty and not a violation of Indonesia’s territorial integrity.

  10. کنورانس در سازمان ملل متحد بسیار مثبت و مفید میباشد در سال ۲۰۲۱میلادی با تشکر از ریس جمهورآقای Mr. Joseph Robinette Biden Jr ایالات متحد امریکا
    با سلام به جناب آقای ریس جمهور ایالت متحد امریکا
    شادی سال ۲۰۲۲ میلادی ایالات متحد امریکا سال خوب و بسیار مثبت داریم
    پرشکوه و زیبا میباشد به تواست ریس جمهورآقای Mr. Joseph Robinette Biden Jr ایالات متحد امریکا و قدردانیه بسیار داریم و تبریک سال ۲۰۲۲میلادی را تبریک میگویم
    با تشکر از ریس جمهورآقای Mr. Joseph Robinette Biden Jr ایالات متحد امریکا
    شادی بر دولت و ملت و مردم خوب و مهربان ایالات متحد امریکا باشد
    آقای Mr. Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. از حزب دموکرات امریکا
    خود را تقدیم مینمایم و آرزوی پیروزی برای مردم و دولت و جناب ریس جمهور ایالات متحد امریکا آقای Mr. JosephRobinette Biden Jr. داریم امریکا .ازدفتر سیاسی آقای علیرضا شکیبایی متشکر

  11. We respect and support the culture of building a human rights infrastructure platform for the present and future of the global village where the world is together.

    세계가 함께하는 지구촌의 현재와 미래의 인권 인프라 플랫폼 구축 문화를 존중하고 응원합니다.

  12. Indonesians don't have to be white.
    Indonesians do not have to be Muslim.
    Indonesians don't have to be Javanese.
    and Indonesia do not have to have the same customs.
    we have Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, we have Pancasila, then why split up because of differences?

  13. West Papua and the Right to Self Determination under International Law – Melinda Janki

    The Act of Free Choice 1969 which handed control of West Papua to Indonesia was a violation of international law. West Papua has never exercised its legal right to self determination under international law, to international standards.

    The Act of Free Choice 1969 cannot justify Indonesian sovereignty over West Papua. The justification for such sovereignty, if it exists, must lie elsewhere in the legal rules governing the acquisition of sovereignty. Otherwise West Papua is a territory that is under alien domination – a status forbidden by international law.

    Between 14 July and 2 August 1969, the Indonesian government held what it called the ‘Act of Free Choice’ in West Papua. It gathered 1022 Papuan tribal representatives into eight locations – one for each region of West Papua: Merauke, Jayawijaya, Paniai, Fak-Fak, Sorong, Manokwari, Cenderawasih and Jayapura. Some of these Papuans had to walk three days to their designated location. Some had to leave behind their wives and children in the ‘care of the Indonesian government’. These 1022 Papuans were asked to choose between two alternatives, either to remain with Indonesia or to sever ties with Indonesia and become an independent state separate from Indonesia, like Papua New Guinea.

    In each region the decision-making process was the same. The head of the West Irian provincial government informed the Papuan group that the peoples of West Papua had already expressed their desire not to be separated from Indonesia and that the right answer was for Papua to remain a part of Indonesia. The Indonesian Minister of Home Affairs informed them that this ‘Act of Free Choice’ would finally safeguard the unity of the Indonesian nation and there was no alternative but to ‘remain within the Republic of Indonesia’. The Papuans were not permitted to vote. They had to reach a decision through the Indonesian system of musyawarah (mutual deliberation) in which discussion continues until everybody agrees. All of this took place under the watchful gaze of the Chair of the West Irian Provincial House of Representatives, the Chief of the Indonesian Information Service, as well as a Brigadier-General in the Indonesian army. One by one each Papuan group declared in favour of remaining with Indonesia.

    Ever since that time, Indonesia has represented this ‘Act of Free Choice’ as West Papua’s exercise of its right to self-determination. This is its justification for the integration of West Papua into the Republic of Indonesia.

    Self-determination in international law

    From its origins as a political principle championed by Lenin and then by Woodrow Wilson, self-determination has evolved into a fundamental human right and a rule of international law. In its 1960 ‘Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples’, the UN General Assembly stated that ‘the subjection of peoples to alien subjugation, domination and exploitation constitutes a denial of fundamental human rights, is contrary to the Charter of the United Nations and is an impediment to world peace and cooperation’. Since then the principle of self-determination has attained quasi-constitutional status within the United Nations and has been reinforced by state practice throughout the world. As a result, millions of people have gained their freedom from the former colonial powers. Self-determination has been entrenched in treaty law and in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

    The ‘Act of Free Choice’ was an egregious violation of West Papua’s legal right to self-determination.

    In early 2008, the chair of the UN special committee on decolonisation, who was also the UN representative for Indonesia, H.E. Mr R. M. Marty M Natalegawa (now Indonesia’s foreign minister), declared that ‘decolonisation remains an unfinished business of the United Nations. We must therefore continue to give decolonisation a high priority and seek effective ways to accelerate the process of decolonisation in the remaining Non-Self-Governing Territories’. If he is really serious, His Excellency need look no further than across the Afar Sea to West Papua.

    The situation in 1969

    In 1969, Indonesia did not have sovereignty over West Papua. It had exercised administration responsibilities over the territory under UN supervision since 1963, after assuming responsibilities from the United Nations Temporary Executive Authority, which had in turn taken over administration from the Netherlands, the original colonial power. Indonesia’s obligations towards West Papua were governed by two separate treaties. The first and more important was the UN Charter, Article 73 of which imposed on Indonesia a ‘sacred trust’ to bring West Papua to self-government. The second treaty was the ‘Agreement Concerning West New Guinea (West Irian)’ made on 15 August 1962 between the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Republic of Indonesia and commonly referred to as the New York Agreement. This treaty imposed on Indonesia an obligation, as the administering power, to hold an act of self-determination in West Papua in accordance with international practice.

    In 1969 ‘international practice’ was well-established. Under Resolution 1541 (XV) ‘Principles which should guide Members in determining whether or not an obligation exists to transmit the information called for under Article 73e of the Charter’, an historic resolution passed by the UN General Assembly in 1960, there were two fundamental conditions that had to be met before a non-self-governing territory (such as West Papua) could be integrated into another state (such as Indonesia).

    Legal commentators have been scathing about the vote ever since, dismissing it as an empty and formalistic exercise, a pseudo-choice and a betrayal of the principle of self-determination

    Firstly, the territory should have already attained ‘an advanced stage of self-government with free political institutions’. This was necessary, to give its people ‘the capacity to make a responsible choice through informed and democratic processes’. Secondly, integration should only proceed once all the people of the territory, fully informed about the consequences, had expressed their wishes through ‘informed and democratic processes, impartially conducted and based on universal adult suffrage’. These requirements were set out in Principle IX of Resolution 1541 (XV).

    No justification in law

    Clearly, in the 1969 ‘Act of Free Choice’ these conditions were ignored. Legal commentators have been scathing about the vote ever since, dismissing it as an empty and formalistic exercise, a pseudo-choice and a betrayal of the principle of self-determination.

    The ‘Act of Free Choice’ was an egregious violation of West Papua’s legal right to self-determination, a violation of the ‘sacred trust’ under Article 73 of the UN Charter and a breach of Indonesia’s treaty obligations under the UN Charter and the New York Agreement. It cannot justify Indonesian sovereignty over West Papua. The justification for such sovereignty, if it exists, must lie elsewhere in the legal rules governing the acquisition of sovereignty. Otherwise West Papua is a territory that is under alien domination – a status forbidden by international law.

    Melinda Janki is an international lawyer specialising in the environment and human rights. She is also a founding member of International Lawyers for West Papua. Her paper, West Papua and the right to self-determination under international law is available to download here.

  14. i was born and raised in papua we are more advanced in everything than vanuatu is far away, we in papua are peaceful tolerating each other there is no difference. they with small minds bring up the issue of human rights who are the troublemakers in Papua

  15. what's VANUATU concern or business with Indonesia, since when that country have ' know it all ' about Indonesia..?? dude pls stop it 🗿, don't show off your root same as us INDONESIAN 😡, you as you and me as me ! 🙏 thx.

  16. Jadi aku berpikir untuk mengambangkan papua cukup sulit dan tantangannya gede terutama dari segi wilayah yang kebanyakan pegunungan kemudian dari segi kebudayaan dan adatnya, dari pemerintah ada Otsus tapi ditentang sama orang² dan adanya teroris melengkapi hal itu semua. inisiatif pemerintah bagus bikin PON XX di Papua tapi menurutku juga sulit memodernisasi pedalaman Papua tanpa memekarkan Provinsinya. yuk bisa yuk bikin provinsi baru di Papua

  17. Kemerdekaan adalah hak segala bangsa maka penjajahan di atas dunia harus di hapuskan karena tidak sesuai dengan perikemanusiaan dan perikeadilan ;
    pernyataan hak hak kovenan lnternational pbb

  18. UN please give us permission to use our military gear for example human detector infrared drone/helicopter/planes to detect separatism army movement before they attack our civilian and police. We need your support to finish this war with good things.

  19. Vanuatu envied our country's rich in natural resources and our Indonesian citizens who have always upheld and respected religious tolerance.
    I love Papua and my country Indonesia 🇮🇩

  20. Mohon maaf, saya tidak tahu apa ini tempat yang cocok atau tidak, tetapi syaingin menyampaikan kepada seluruh pemimpin negara di dunia, bahwa sesungguhnya masih banyak tempat bagi kita untuk membangun apapun, di atas tanah, permukaan dalam dan dasar laut serta di udara, masih tersedia ruang untuk kita jadikan hunian serta pengendalian dan alat pertahanan terhadap segala macam ancamannya … Hanya saja belum terbayang bagaimana caranya … Di situlah tantangannya … Janganlah kalian hanya bertengkar soal batas negerimu negeriku, mari kita menoleh ke dimensi yang belum kita sentuh selama ini … Lingkungan hidup kita tidak terbatas hanya diatas tanah pada permukaan bumi ini tetapi juga di seluruh lapisan biosfer yang masih begitu sedikit huniannya! … Semoga ini dapat sedikit meredakan ketegangan negara2 yang bertikai sekedar berebut hak atas pengelolaan tanah yang diberikan oleh Sang Pencipta Yang Maha Kuasa kepada umatNya …

  21. Kenapa negara kecil seperti Vanuatu berani kepada kita? Kalian tau?
    Alasannya!! mereka dilindungi/diprovokasi/disuruh oleh negara tetangga kita untuk menyerang Indonesia. Kalian tau negara mana yg menyuruh Vanuatu? Kalau tau kalian hebat 👍

  22. If Vanuatu so concern about human right why don't speak about Australia and New Zealand?
    Does Vanuatu know Australia belong to Aborigin and New Zealand belong to Maori?
    Human rights in West Papua wasn't the real concern of Vanuatu. The whole world knows how Vanuatu practices human rights just by looking at its poverty.

  23. The workers of the contraction, nurses, theacers is any inteligent of indonesians defants of west papua province programs to control independent activities.

  24. Vanuatu has no right to speak about Indonesia ……You (Vanuatu) just a poor country who try to find a new island for life and live……….because Vanuatu has nothing to eat or life, thats why they try to speak about papua indonesia……papua is a final part of Indonesian Government ……we have a legal standing as a country……and people of Papua life in peace with us (indonesian people) ……..we have so many different culture, religion,ethnic, etc……thats Indonesian life …..not only one ethnic or religion……..open your eyes Vanuatu……….you hate us……we hate you…..if you kind……we will kind too……

  25. I wonder who actually ‘urge’ them to always pushing and accusing Indonesia for violating human rights in Papua? Vanuatu and other countries in Oceania is part of commonwealth. Well I assume y’all know who behind this 😌

  26. Why Ocenian Countries always attacked Indonesia in Honoured Place UN Meeting, its so Foolish Statement when Oceanian Country's Representative or Government Talked About Papua and West Papua Province of Republic Of Indonesia, they didn't know factual situation. Please Stop To Tuvalu and the gang for your unfacted speech

  27. Parabéns pelo trabalho mesmo com tantos esforços às mortes continua podendo dar várias vezes a volta ao mundo sem contar os anos anteriores ou seja não existe mais morte natural que Deus abençoe a todos sempre é ala clemente misericordioso

  28. I get it now You(vanuatu) just want a teritory in a papuans teritory for your doom clountry bcs global warning will swalow your island in 30 years right

  29. Just invite china to make military or present at ARU island to escalate this region, we all know who’s the mastermind behind it, the Vanuatu is just pawn, OH come on, stop pretending to be neutral or your territorial will gone one by one.

  30. Super interesting lecture mam
    of course.
    Male and female are equal position at voting polling day hour.🗻🌋🌏🏕🏡🏞🏜🏝🏔🏝

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